The eighth and last Millennium Development Goal (MDG-8) is to develop a global partnership for development. Under this goal, it was decided in 2000 to address the special needs of the least developed countries, landlocked countries and small island developing states. A lot has been done in this direction since 2000 but a lot needs to be done to achieve this target by 2015. Even, UNDP’s MDG report, 2010 is not showing very encouraging picture of progress at this front. The main problem is most of the developed countries are unable to fulfill their commitments of providing financial assistance to less developed and under developed nations.
The seventh Millennium Development Goal (MDG) is to ensure environmental sustainability. Under MDG-7, it was targeted that the principles of sustainable development would be integrated into country policies and programmes to reverse the loss of environmental resources. But, UNDP’s MDG report, 2010 is telling a different story about the efforts of environmental sustainability. Global deforestation is slowing, but continues at a high rate in many countries. Over the last decade, about 13 million hectares of forest worldwide were converted to other uses or lost through natural causes each year.
The sixth Millennium Development Goal (MDG) is to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases by 2015. But, UNDP’s MDG report, 2010 is showing very slow pace of progress on the front of combating HIV/AIDS. The report cites, “new infections have peaked, the number of people living with the virus is still rising, largely due to the life-sustaining impact of antiretroviral therapy. An estimated 33.4 million people were living with HIV in 2008.”
The fourth Millennium Development Goal (MDG) is to reduce the mortality rate among children under five by two third, between 1990 and 2015. But, after keeping the pace of progress in mind, this goal looks quite difficult to be achieved in coming five years. Many countries still have unacceptable high levels of child mortality and have made little or no progress in recent years. Among the 67 countries with high child mortality rates (defined as 40 or more deaths per 1,000 live births), only 10 are on track to meet the MDG target on child survival.
The third Millennium Development Goal (MDG) is to promote gender equality and empower women by 2015. In 2000, at the time of announcement of MDG, UNDP set the target under this goal ‘to eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary level education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015. But, after ten years this goal is unlikely to be achieved by 2015. Education is not the only front where the other half of the population is facing gender disparity. In fact, at each and every level women feel spurned and despised.
The second Millennium Development Goal (MDG) is, “to ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling.” This was supposed to be done by 2015. But, MDG report, 2010, released by UNDP, tells a different story. The report says, “Enrolment in primary education has continued to rise, reaching 89 per cent in the developing world. But, the pace of progress is insufficient to ensure that, by 2015, all girls and boys complete a full course of primary schooling.” It seems much more true to the context of India.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) were set by United Nations (UN) and adopted by world leaders in the year 2000. These goals were to halve the proportion of poverty and hunger, to achieve universal primary education, to promote gender equality, to reduce child mortality, to improve maternal health, to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, to ensure environmental sustainability and to develop a global partnership for development. These goals were set to be achieved by 2015. There are just five years left and almost every country is finding it difficult to achieve the first goal.
बीते दिनों ऑक्सफैम ने एक रपट जारी की। ऑक्सफैम कई वैसी संस्थाओं का समूह है जो दुनिया के अलग-अलग हिस्सों में सकारात्मक सामाजिक और आर्थिक बदलाव के लिए काम कर रहे हैं। ऑक्सफैम की इस रपट में यह चेतावनी दी गई है कि अगर गरीब देशों को जलवायु परिवर्तन से लडऩे के लिए अतिरिक्त धन नहीं दिया गया तो इन देशों के 45 लाख बच्चे काल की गाल में समा जाएंगे। इस पर विश्व के नेताओं को चिंतित होना चाहिए और ऐसी स्थिति पैदा नहीं हो पाए इस दिशा में आवश्यक कदम उठाना चाहिए।